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Characteristics of Pineapple Varieties and Major Cultivation Areas in Vietnam.

Updated: Sep 6, 2023

Pineapple, a tropical fruit beloved for its juicy and tangy flavor, comes in a variety of types, each with unique characteristics. In this article, we will explore the distinct traits of different pineapple varieties, which are broadly categorized into three main groups: Queen, Cayenne, and Spanish pineapples. Additionally, Agroviet will delve into the significant pineapple cultivation areas in Vietnam.


Characteristics of Pineapple Varieties and Major Cultivation Areas in Vietnam
Characteristics of Pineapple Varieties and Major Cultivation Areas in Vietnam

Queen Pineapple Group:


Pineapples belonging to the Queen group exhibit specific characteristics. These pineapples have an average weight and size ranging from 500 to 900 grams. Their leaves are narrow, rigid, and often adorned with numerous spines along the edges. The inner surface of the leaf blade features parallel white veins. The flowers of Queen pineapples showcase shades of green and pink.


Cayenne Pineapple Group:
Cayenne Pineapple Group:

Cayenne Pineapple Group:

Cayenne pineapples are distinctive with their own set of attributes. These pineapples fall within the group with an average weight of 1.5 to 2.0 kilograms per fruit. Their leaves are rich green, elongated, and thick. They typically have minimal or no spines, especially at the base or tip of the leaves. The flowers of Cayenne pineapples display hues of pink and a hint of red.


Spanish Pineapple Group
Spanish Pineapple Group

Spanish Pineapple Group:

The Spanish pineapple group boasts its own set of defining features. Pineapples in this category have an average weight ranging from 700 to 1000 grams. Their leaves are softer, curving and angling more towards the back. Spines are unevenly distributed along the leaf edges. The flowers of Spanish pineapples exhibit shades of light red. When ripe, the skin of the fruit takes on a deep red color.


Major Pineapple Cultivation Areas in Vietnam.


Vietnam boasts significant cultivation areas for pineapples, contributing to the country's agricultural diversity.

Pineapple hill in Bac Giang province
Pineapple hill in Bac Giang province

Extensive Cultivation and Regional Concentration:


Pineapple cultivation in Vietnam covers a vast area of approximately 40,000 hectares, yielding over 500,000 tons annually. The majority of pineapple plantations, approximately 90%, are concentrated in the southern region. Prominent provinces with extensive cultivation include:

  • Tien Giang (14,800 hectares), Kien Giang (10,000 hectares), Hau Giang (nearly 1,600 hectares), Long An (1,000 hectares), Thanh Hoa (from 3,789 hectares in 2005 to 1,910 hectares in 2011), Ninh Binh (3,000 hectares).

Farmers harvest pineapple in Tien Giang province
Farmers harvest pineapple in Tien Giang province

Economic Value of Pineapple: From Tropical Delicacy to Industrial Utility.


Culinary Excellence and Prestige.


Pineapple, especially the fragrant variety, stands as a symbol of tropical indulgence and culinary excellence. It is celebrated as a premier tropical fruit, highly sought after for its unique blend of sweetness and tanginess. The succulent and vibrant flesh of pineapple has captured the palates and imaginations of people worldwide, elevating its economic value as a desirable and premium fruit.


 International Demand and Export Potential of Pineapple
International Demand and Export Potential of Pineapple

International Demand and Export Potential:


Pineapple's global appeal has led to a substantial demand for this tropical delight in international markets, particularly in Western countries. The export of pineapples, both fresh and processed, contributes significantly to the economic growth of producing nations. The high demand for pineapples in various forms, including canned, dried, and juices, opens up avenues for trade and commerce, boosting local economies.




Beyond culinary applications, pineapple's economic value extends to the health and wellness sector. Pineapple extracts, often derived from the core and stem, contain beneficial compounds like antioxidants and vitamins. These extracts find their way into dietary supplements and health products, capitalizing on the fruit's nutritional profile and potential health benefits.


Beyond culinary applications, pineapple's economic value extends to the health and wellness sector
Beyond culinary applications, pineapple's economic value extends to the health and wellness sector
Pineapple cultivation in Vietnam has made significant strides, contributing substantially to the country's agricultural output. However, there is untapped potential to enhance the economic returns for farmers while maintaining the fruit's nutritional significance. By addressing challenges related to quality, market access, and value-added products, the pineapple industry can evolve into a more economically rewarding venture. Through collaboration, innovation, and sustainable practices, Vietnamese pineapple farmers have the opportunity to elevate both the economic value and nutritional impact of this tropical treasure.

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