Updated: Aug 22
Vietnam, known for its robust agricultural industry, has been a significant player in the global pepper market. In recent years, the country has experienced noteworthy developments in its pepper exports, with China emerging as its largest export market. In this article, agroviet will explores the latest trends in Vietnam's pepper export industry and the growing dominance of China as its primary trading partner.
Vietnam's Pepper Export Statistics.
During the first two months of 2023, Vietnam witnessed a surge in its pepper exports. The country exported a total of 40,814 tons of pepper, generating a revenue of 128.6 million USD. While the export volume increased by 33% compared to the same period last year, there was a slight decline of 9% in terms of export value. Despite the decrease in export value, the substantial increase in export volume demonstrates the growing demand for Vietnamese pepper globally. It is crucial to analyze the factors behind this shift and understand the impact of China's emergence as the largest export market.
China Overtakes the US as Vietnam's Largest Pepper Export Market.
China's rise as Vietnam's primary pepper export market is a significant milestone for the country's agricultural sector. Surpassing the United States, China imported a staggering 10,209 tons of pepper, marking an 8.6-fold increase compared to the same period last year. Moreover, China accounted for half of Vietnam's total pepper exports in the entire previous year. The exponential growth in pepper exports to China can be attributed to various factors. Firstly, the reopening of China's borders after nearly three years of strict closure due to the "Zero Covid" policy has played a vital role. The resumption of cross-border trade has allowed Vietnamese pepper exporters to regain momentum in the Chinese market. With China's increasing demand, its market share in Vietnam's overall pepper exports has surged to 25%, a substantial increase from the approximately 4% share in 2022. This signifies China's dominance in shaping Vietnam's pepper export landscape.
Impact of China's "Zero Covid" Policy on Pepper Exports.
In 2022, Vietnam experienced a significant decline in pepper exports to China due to the strict implementation of China's "Zero Covid" policy. The export volume dropped to 20,498 tons, a decrease of 46.4% compared to 2021. This decline resulted in the lowest export figure in the past five years. The reopening of China's borders in early 2023 has presented new opportunities for Vietnamese pepper exporters. The resumption of trade activities has revitalized the export market and allowed Vietnam to regain its position as a leading pepper supplier to China.
Average Export Prices and their Effect on Export Value.
Despite the increase in export volume, the average export price of pepper has experienced a decline. In the first two months of 2023, the average export price was approximately 3,177 USD per ton, reflecting a decrease of 31.4% compared to the same period in 2022. This downward trend can be attributed to various market dynamics and factors affecting supply and demand.
The decrease in average export prices has had a direct impact on the overall export value. Although the export volume increased by 33%, the decline in prices resulted in a 9% reduction in export revenue compared to the previous year.
Slow Harvest and its Influence on Trading Activities.
The slow harvest of pepper in Vietnam has affected the trading dynamics in the industry. Currently, the nationwide average harvest of pepper stands at only 50-60% of the total yield projected for the 2022-2023 season. This delayed harvest has implications for the availability and pricing of pepper in the export market. As the pepper harvest season progresses, the first quarter of the year is expected to witness a surge in trading activities. The availability of fresh pepper combined with market demand during this period will drive increased trading volumes and further shape the export landscape.
The rise of China as the largest market for Vietnam's pepper exports marks a significant shift in the industry. Despite a decrease in export value, the volume of pepper exported to China has increased substantially, surpassing the United States. Factors such as China's reopening of borders and the "Zero Covid" policy's impact on previous exports have played a role in this development. The fluctuating export prices and the slower harvesting season in Vietnam have also influenced market dynamics. As Vietnam remains a key player in the global pepper market, it will be interesting to observe how the country adapts to changing trends and explores new opportunities in the coming years.