Currently, there are approximately 2,000 species of mushrooms worldwide, the mushroom-growing industry in Vietnam has about 16 types of mushrooms. The estimated annual mushroom production nationwide is about 250,000 tons of fresh mushrooms, with export revenues ranging from 25-30 million USD.
Vietnam has a rich and diverse source of materials for mushroom cultivation, including rice straw, sawdust, wood, sugarcane bagasse, corn cobs, and textile factory waste. This source of raw materials can amount to around 40 million tons. If only 10-15% of these materials were used for mushroom cultivation, it could yield up to 1 million tons of mushrooms per year and produce thousands of tons of organic fertilizer.
Another favorable condition for mushroom cultivation in Vietnam is the diverse weather conditions that allow for the cultivation of various mushroom strains. In the southern provinces, where there is year-round hot and sunny weather, species like straw mushrooms, reishi mushrooms, and oyster mushrooms can thrive. In contrast, the northern provinces, with their cold winters, are suitable for cultivating species like shiitake mushrooms.
Mushrooms are not only delicious but also offer health benefits, such as boosting immunity, anti-aging properties, and reducing the risk of diseases like cancer and heart disease. As a result, the demand for mushrooms is increasing as more people recognize their nutritional and medicinal value. Consequently, the domestic mushroom market is growing rapidly, and there is also a significant market for exporting mushrooms, including shiitake, straw mushrooms, dried mushrooms, and canned mushrooms.