Updated: Aug 25
Vietnam is known for its significant cultivation of soybeans, with various popular soybean varieties grown across the country. Soybean seeds are known to be one of the first food products that are nutritionally beneficial to the human body. They are used in the treatment of a number of diseases that our bodies easily wonder about, and at the same time, soybean seeds are used as raw materials for processing in a variety of dishes in daily life.
Soybean varieties grown in Vietnam have been carefully selected and adapted to the local climate and farming conditions, ensuring optimal yield and quality.
General information about soybeans.
Name: Soybean, Hoang bean cat, Thua Xang (called by Tay ethnic group in Vietnam), Soybean leo.
Scientific names: Glycine soja Siebold et Zucc, Glycine max (L.) Merill, Soja hispida Maxim.
Family: Fabaceae (Beans).
Uses: Often used as food to nourish the body, especially for children, people with diabetes, people with over work, mineral deficiency and mental work, people who have just gotten sick, people with rheumatism, dominion.
Popular soybean varieties grown in Vietnam.
DT84: DT 84 is a soybean variety that is currently being grown popularly in many places because of its high yield, heat tolerance and good shedding resistance, mild to moderate infection with some major diseases. The color of the seeds is yellow, the seeds are round and beautiful. Soybean variety DT 84 was created by the Institute of Agricultural Genetics from the hybrid DT-80/DH4 (DDT96) by means of sexual hybridization combined with experimental mutagenicity by gamma agent Co60kral on the F3-D333 hybrid line. Growing time, Spring crop 115-120 days, Autumn crop 90-95 days, Winter crop 110-115 days, main stem 50-60 cm tall, hardy, dark green leaves neat, purple flowers, pods yellow, seeds large, yellow, umbilicus light brown. Average yield is 15-25 quintals/ha, high intensive farming is 30 quintal/ha.
DT26: Belongs to the mid-day variety, has a growing period (TGST) of 90 - 95 days. Plant height 45 - 60 cm, well branched, from 2 to 3 branches/tree, high ratio of fruit 3 seeds. Weight of 100 seeds (18 - 19 g). Has white flowers, yellow seeds, dark brown navel, and ripe fruit. It is resistant to rust, brown spot and stem fly, quite resistant to shedding. High yield potential, from 22.0 to 26.0 quintal/ha depending on the season and intensive farming conditions. Has wide adaptability, suitable for planting for Spring and Winter crops in the Northern Delta provinces.
DT51: Soybean variety DT51 has purple flowers, yellow seeds, dark brown navel, yellow ripe fruit. Tree height 45-55cm, good branching, more than 2 branches/tree, high number of fruits, 3-seed fruit rate reaching 25-30%. The mass of 100 seeds ranges from 17.5-20.0 g. The average growth time is 90-95 days, the yield is 20-29 quintal/ha, depending on the season and intensive farming conditions. The variety is suitable for summer, spring and winter crops. The variety DT51 is mildly infected with virus disease, brown spot.
D2101: As a medium-day variety, TGST 90-100 days. The seeds are of large size, weighing 1000 seeds from 170 to 185 g, yellow in color. Hardy, resistant to falling and good disease resistance. High yield potential (from 22.0 to 26.0 quintal/ha). Has wide adaptability, suitable for planting for Spring and Winter crops in the Northern Delta provinces.
In addition, some popular soybean varieties such as DT2001, DT2008, HL203, HL07-15 are all medium-day varieties, TGST: 95-100 days. Suitable for all seasons of the year in the ecological regions of the Central Highlands, the Southeast and the Mekong River Delta.
In order to exploit the potential of soybean production, it is necessary to mechanize all stages of soybean production synchronously.
The problem for synchronous mechanization of soybean, especially for the land of special rotation of rice - soybean, is to solve difficulties such as: The stubble remaining after rice harvest has a high speed. (from 30 cm to 50 cm); the ground after wheat harvest is often wet, which interferes with tillage work; not yet mechanized the stage of sowing seeds combined with seeds for soybeans...
Soybean products are used in a variety of ways such as direct use of raw seeds or processed into tofu, pressed into soybean oil, soy sauce, confectionery, soy milk, okara, etc. Daily rations of humans as well as livestock.
Vietnam, known for its thriving soybean industry, cultivates several popular soybean varieties. These varieties are specifically selected for their adaptability to the Vietnamese climate and their suitability for various uses. These soybean varieties have been carefully selected and bred to meet the specific needs and requirements of soybean farmers in Vietnam. Their availability and suitability contribute to the overall success and growth of Vietnam's soybean industry.