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Northwest Vietnam - Interested in exploiting the potential of the "billion dollar" macadamia tree.

Updated: Aug 22, 2023

The Northwest region of Vietnam is known for its picturesque landscapes and diverse agricultural produce. In recent years, "billion dollar" macadamia tree have emerged as a promising crop in the Northwest.


Overview chart of Macca industry data (Northwest regions, Central Highlands and other regions. Unit_ Area - output). Source_ Vietnam Macca Association_
Overview chart of Macca industry data (Northwest regions, Central Highlands and other regions. Unit_ Area - output). Source_ Vietnam Macca Association_

The whole country currently has 28 provinces growing macadamia trees, with a total area of nearly 19,000 hectares, concentrated mainly in the two areas of the Central Highlands and the Northwest. Particularly in the northwest region, although developing later, many localities have so far developed this specialty crop in a sustainable way, in order to replace crops with poor economic efficiency.


Geographical location and natural conditions for macadamia tree in Northwest Vietnam in the Northwest region.


The Northwest region of Vietnam offers favorable conditions for macadamia nut cultivation

The Northwest region of Vietnam offers favorable conditions for macadamia nut cultivation. The area's high altitude, cool climate, and well-drained soils create an ideal environment for the growth of macadamia trees. The region's unique combination of temperature and rainfall patterns contributes to the development of high-quality macadamia nuts.


Farmers in the Northwest region cultivate different macadamia nut varieties, including both local and imported ones. These varieties are selected based on their adaptability to the local climate and their desirable traits such as nut size, flavor, and oil content. The region's focus on diversifying macadamia nut varieties ensures a range of options for both domestic consumption and potential export.


Macadamia Nut Cultivation Regions in Northwest Vietnam.


There are now many localities growing macadamia tree in Northwest Vietnam, such as Dien Bien, Lai Chau, Son La...


Macadamia Nut Cultivation Regions in Northwest Vietnam

Son La province requested the competent authorities to approve 10,000 ha, Lai Chau province proposed to approve 40,000 ha and a supplement to add Phong Tho, Sin Ho, Nam Nhun, and Muong Te districts to areas suitable for growing macadamia trees. Particularly for Dien Bien province, 30,478 ha has been approved and submitted for approval; is surveying and applying for a survey of 90,000 hectares of land for planting protection forests, production and non-planning forests to develop macadamia trees with the orientation to 2030.



Economic Importance - Macadamia Nut takes root with the people of the highlands.


Economic Importance - Macadamia Nut takes root with the people of the highlands_

Nearly 10 years ago, macadamia trees were put into trial planting through a number of programs and projects in Tuan Giao district of Dien Bien province. Macadamia trees are considered suitable for the soil and climate conditions of a mountainous province that can with stand drought, frost…

Right at the beginning of planting, because this is a new plant, the process of mobilizing people faced many difficulties. But after the trial planting period, the tree grew, developed well, brought economic value, so it changed people's perception.


Macadamia nut cultivation has gained significance in the Northwest region due to its economic potential. The crop provides an alternative income source for local farmers, helping to improve livelihoods and reduce dependence on traditional crops. The increasing demand for macadamia nuts domestically and internationally has opened up opportunities for economic growth and development in the region.

Impact of the COVID epidemic on the macca growing industry

"In the years 2020, 2021, despite being severely affected by the Covid-19 epidemic, people growing macadamia still have a good income because macadamia has a good season and a good price while other agricultural products cannot be consumed due to a cut. supply chain breakdown. Macadamia nuts are dry nuts that are easier to process, transport, store and store than other fruit trees, which is also one of the reasons why macadamia is so expensive in the middle of the epidemic season"


Sustainability is a key focus in macadamia nut cultivation in the Northwest region. Farmers prioritize environmentally friendly practices, such as organic farming methods and the use of natural fertilizers and pest control measures. These practices not only ensure the production of high-quality macadamia nuts but also contribute to the preservation of the region's natural resources and biodiversity.


Tourism and Agri-tourism Potential.


The growing macadamia nut industry in the Northwest region has also attracted attention from tourists and agri-tourism enthusiasts. Visitors have the opportunity to explore macadamia orchards, learn about cultivation techniques, and experience the beauty of the region. This presents a unique opportunity to promote sustainable tourism and showcase the cultural heritage of the local communities.


The growing macadamia nut industry in the Northwest region has also attracted attention from tourists and agri-tourism enthusiasts

The Northwest region of Vietnam holds immense potential for macadamia nut cultivation. With its favorable growing conditions, economic significance, and focus on sustainable practices, the region is poised to become a key player in the macadamia nut industry, contributing to the overall development of Vietnam's agricultural sector.





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