Updated: Aug 23
Tay Ninh province is the province with the second largest peanut area and the third highest yield in the country.
From an unknown land on the agricultural map, Tay Ninh province has now become the leading peanut "capital" in the country with the highest yield. of which the largest are Duong Minh Chau and Go Dau districts. Annually, Tay Ninh peanut area is over 20,000 ha, the average yield is 27 quintals/ha and the expansion of peanut area is an urgent need of farmers.
Tay Ninh province - Climatic conditions to develop the peanut industry.
Tay Ninh is a province in the Southeast region, with a border with Cambodia of 240 km long, natural area 402,815 ha, agricultural land area over 280,000 ha; 80% of the population lives by farming. Tay Ninh has many advantages to develop the agricultural economy, focusing on strong trees such as: Sugarcane, rubber, noodles, peanuts. At the same time, Tay Ninh is located at the western gateway of Ho Chi Minh City, one of the major industrial triangles of the country, with a national highway passing through two national border gates, Moc Bai and Xa Mat connecting Vietnam and Cambodia.
Tay Ninh experiences a tropical climate characterized by distinct wet and dry seasons. The region has a long dry season from December to April and a rainy season from May to November. The moderate temperature and ample sunshine in Tay Ninh create favorable conditions for peanut cultivation. The soil in Tay Ninh is predominantly sandy and well-drained, which is suitable for growing peanuts. This type of soil allows for good aeration and prevents waterlogging, which is beneficial for the development of peanut plants.
Farmers in Tay Ninh employ various cultivation practices to optimize peanut production.
These practices include land preparation, seed selection, planting methods, irrigation management, weed control, pest and disease management, and nutrient management. Farmers often follow traditional methods, but modern techniques and mechanization are also being adopted for improved efficiency and productivity.
Different peanut varieties are cultivated in Tay Ninh, depending on factors such as yield potential, disease resistance, and market preferences. Common peanut varieties grown in the region include Valencia, Spanish, Runner, and Virginia peanuts. Farmers select the appropriate varieties based on their specific needs and market demands.
Peanut planting in Tay Ninh typically aligns with the dry season, which allows for better soil preparation and moisture control during the critical growth stages. The optimal planting time in Tay Ninh ensures favorable conditions for germination, growth, and development of the peanut plants.
Market access and economic significance.
Peanut production in Tay Ninh contributes significantly to the overall peanut output in Vietnam. The average peanut yield in the province varies depending on factors such as cultivation practices, weather conditions, and farm management. Farmers strive to improve yields through the adoption of modern techniques, enhanced seed quality, and efficient farming practices. Until now, among the provinces, Tay Ninh province has the highest production among peanut producing provinces (64,000 tons),
Peanut cultivation plays a vital role in the economy of Tay Ninh. The income generated from peanut farming provides livelihood opportunities for farmers and contributes to the overall agricultural sector in the province. Peanut production also supports the local economy through trade, processing, and value-added activities.
Tay Ninh's strategic location, proximity to major cities, and transportation infrastructure facilitate access to both domestic and international markets. Peanuts produced in Tay Ninh are supplied to local markets, neighboring provinces, and exported to international markets, contributing to Vietnam's peanut export industry.
Peanuts are indigenous crops, familiar to the people, so in the past, farmers and farmers grew peanuts. However, peanuts are also susceptible to pests and diseases and take a lot of care. Long-time peanut farmers said that most of the care from sowing seeds, pruning beans to harvesting, ... must be done manually, consuming a lot of labor and costs. If machines can be used to free up labor and reduce production costs, people may return to traditional local crops.