Updated: Aug 25
Tay Nguyen, also known as the Central Highlands, is a region in Vietnam renowned for its long-standing tradition of soybean production. Among the provinces in this region, Dak Nong and Dak Lak stand out as prominent soybean cultivation areas.
Tay Nguyen (the Central Highlands) benefits from a favorable climate and soil conditions for soybean cultivation.
Situated in the central part of Vietnam, the Central Highlands is bordered by the Truong Son Mountain Range to the east and the coastal plains to the east and south. It encompasses the provinces of Dak Lak, Dak Nong, Gia Lai, Kon Tum, and Lam Dong. Tay Nguyen benefits from a favorable climate and soil conditions for soybean cultivation. The region's high elevation and cooler temperatures create an ideal environment for soybeans to thrive. The well-drained basaltic soils with good fertility and moisture retention properties provide an excellent foundation for soybean growth.
The Central Highlands' soybean area has decreased, just like in other ecological areas…
Similar to other ecological regions, the soybean cultivation area in the Central Highlands has also experienced a decrease. However, compared to the overall situation, this region has encountered a relatively smaller reduction in soybean cultivation area compared to other regions.
Soybean is a popular seasonal crop in the Central Highlands. The expansion of the area of this crop has an important meaning in enhancing the exploitation of soil resources and climate resources for the process of agricultural restructuring and rural development in the Central Highlands provinces. Along with promoting the selection and breeding of soybeans, the study to determine the impacts of weather and climate conditions on soybean plants will create a favorable premise for the expansion, change and restructuring of soybean crops. growing season, growing season and improving production efficiency. Like other crops, soybean grows well or badly, with high or low yield depending on weather conditions. Therefore, hazardous weather conditions such as hail, hoarfrost, heavy rain, whirlwinds, cold, heat and drought are special concerns that should be taken into account in determining the planting and harvesting seasons. and planning to expand the cultivated area.
In addition, animal feed is the biggest challenge in the livestock industry.
Every year, our country still spends more than 9 billion USD to import more than 20 million tons of raw materials for animal feed. The Central Highlands is considered to have advantages to develop the animal feed material area of Vietnam, but still lacks policies to promote maize and cassava production in this area.
Vietnam's industrial animal feed production has recently increased to the desired level, averaging 13% to 15% annually. In terms of producing industrial animal feed, Vietnam now ranks first in Southeast Asia and tenth overall, surpassing Thailand and Indonesia.
The major dispute, however, produced supply chain disruptions, development, and increased storage and shipping costs in the post-Covid-19 setting and a number of global events, notably the Russia-Ukraine war, whose main conflict caused an increase in the prices of feed ingredients.
Central Highlands farmers grow new soybean varieties with twice the yield.
The Vinasoy Soybean Application Research Center (VSAC) said that in 2022 , many farmers will grow the soybean variety VINASOY 02-NS researched by VSAC to create a yield of over 3 tons/ha. In particular, some households reach 3.2 - 3.5 tons/ha.
This is a new soybean variety, not known to be genetically modified but with outstanding yield and quality, completely replacing the previous native white flower soybean variety. This variety has also been licensed by the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development for mass production in the Central Highlands, the Central Highlands, the Red River Delta and the Mekong River Delta.
For many years, Vinasoy has focused on implementing a program of cooperation to link soybean production with relatives of Nam Dong Soybean Production Cooperative, Cu Jut district. Recently, VSAC held a meeting to disseminate and agree on the plan to deploy the 2023 crop for people.
Although it is an "easy" plant to care for, mung bean is very sensitive to the weather and the nutritional status of the soil, so the yield is often very volatile and there is a clear correlation between yield, soil nutrition, pests and diseases and intensive farming. Therefore, building integrated farming techniques for the Mekong Delta is very necessary and meaningful to maintain sustainability and efficiency in current production.