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Mango in Vietnam: An overview of some facts you might not know.

Updated: Sep 30, 2023

The mango (Mangifera indica) has a long and illustrious history, originating from South Asia. They have been cultivated for more than 4,000 years and were introduced to many parts of the world through trade and exploration. Mangoes have become an integral part of many cultures, known for their delicious taste and versatility in culinary applications. This article Agroviet.info provides an overview of mangoes in Vietnam, including origin, characteristics, benefits, growing areas, production status and export prospects.

Mango in Vietnam: An overview of some facts you might not know
Mango in Vietnam: An overview of some facts you might not know

Origins


Mangoes are believed to have been introduced to Vietnam over 1,000 years ago, with historical records indicating their presence during the reign of the Ly Dynasty (1010-1225). These tropical fruits are native to South Asia and were brought to Vietnam through trade and cultural exchanges, becoming an integral part of the Vietnamese cuisine.


Characteristics


Tree Characteristics


Foliage: Mango trees are evergreen, with dense, dark green foliage that provides ample shade.

Size: These trees can grow quite tall, ranging from 30 to 100 feet (9 to 30 meters) in height, depending on the variety and environmental conditions.

Blossoms: Mango trees produce fragrant, showy blossoms with multiple colors, such as white, pink, and purple. These blossoms typically appear before the fruit sets.

Leaves: Mango leaves are oblong and leathery, arranged alternately along the branches. They are typically dark green on the upper surface and lighter on the underside.

Branches: Mango trees have a wide-spreading canopy with a symmetrical and rounded shape.

Root System: They have a deep and extensive root system, which helps them withstand strong winds.


Characteristics of mango
Characteristics of mango

Mango Fruit Characteristics:


Shape: Mango fruit comes in various shapes, including oval, round, and kidney-shaped, depending on the variety.

Size: The size of mangoes can vary significantly, with some varieties producing smaller fruits, around 4-6 inches (10-15 cm) in length, while others can grow larger, up to 12 inches (30 cm) or more.

Color: Mangoes display a wide range of colors when ripe, including shades of green, yellow, orange, red, or a combination of these. The color often depends on the variety and ripeness.

Texture: The flesh of a ripe mango is juicy, smooth, and firm. It surrounds a large, flat, and oblong pit or seed in the center.

Taste: Mangoes are known for their sweet and sometimes slightly tangy flavor. The taste can vary from variety to variety, with some being exceptionally sweet and others having a mild sweetness.

Aroma: Ripe mangoes have a strong, sweet, and aromatic fragrance that is often described as tropical and delightful.

Skin: The skin of mangoes is typically thin and easy to peel. Some varieties have smoother skins, while others may be slightly textured.

Juiciness: Mangoes are among the juiciest of fruits, and their flesh contains a high water content, making them refreshing to eat.

Mangoes are not only prized for their delicious taste but also for their versatility in various culinary dishes, desserts, and beverages. These characteristics make mangoes a beloved fruit worldwide.



Vietnam's diverse climate allows mangoes to thrive in various regions, resulting in different mango varieties. The primary mango cultivation regions in Vietnam include:


Mekong Delta: This region, characterized by its fertile alluvial soil, is a major mango-producing area. Varieties like "Cau Dua" and "Cat Chu" are popular here.


South Central Coast: Provinces like Binh Thuan and Ninh Thuan have a favorable climate for mango cultivation. "Xoai Cat Hoa Loc" is a well-known variety from this area.


Southern Highlands: Lam Dong and Dak Lak provinces in the southern highlands are known for their "Xoai Tau" mangoes, favored for their sweet taste and aroma.


Acreage


Vietnam boasts a significant mango cultivation area, with over 90,000 hectares dedicated to mango farming. The Mekong Delta accounts for the largest portion of this acreage, followed by the South Central Coast and the Southern Highlands.

Cam Lam mango garden is located in Cam Lam district of Khanh Hoa province
Cam Lam mango garden is located in Cam Lam district of Khanh Hoa province

Production Volume: Vietnam has consistently ranked among the top mango-producing countries globally. The production volume of mangoes in Vietnam has been on the rise due to improved farming practices, investment in the agricultural sector, and expansion of mango orchards.


Peak Harvest Season: Mangoes in Vietnam have a seasonal harvest cycle, typically peaking from March to June. During this period, there is a surge in mango production as many mango varieties ripen.


Challenges: Despite the growth in mango production, there have been challenges, including pest infestations and climate variability. Farmers have been working to address these issues through sustainable farming practices and pest management strategies.



Vietnamese mangoes have gained recognition in international markets for their quality and taste. The country exports mangoes to numerous countries, including China, the United States, Australia, and European nations. Efforts to meet international standards and certifications have boosted export opportunities.



Apart from their economic significance, mangoes offer a plethora of health benefits. They are rich in vitamins (especially vitamin C and A), antioxidants, and dietary fiber. Consuming mangoes can boost the immune system, aid digestion, promote healthy skin, support heart health, and contribute to weight management. Additionally, mangoes have an alkalizing effect on the body, helping to maintain a balanced pH level.

In conclusion, mangoes in Vietnam have a rich heritage, thriving in diverse cultivation regions, contributing to the country's agricultural sector, and providing numerous health benefits. With a substantial acreage, improving production practices, growing export prospects, and the versatile culinary uses of mangoes, they continue to play a pivotal role in Vietnam's culture and economy.

Benefits of mango
Benefits of mango

Mangoes in Vietnam have a rich heritage, thriving in diverse cultivation regions, contributing to the country's agricultural sector, and providing numerous health benefits. With a substantial acreage, improving production practices, growing export prospects, and the versatile culinary uses of mangoes, they continue to play a pivotal role in Vietnam's culture and economy.

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