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What is a Walnut? Exploring about the original of walnut in Vietnam.

Updated: Jan 3

Walnuts (Carya tongkinensis) are now no stranger to Vietnamese consumers. Walnuts in Vietnam are nutrient-dense tree nuts that have been cherished for their exceptional taste and numerous health benefits. Walnuts are so good, but have you ever wondered "What are walnuts?" not yet, or "Where is the origin of walnuts?". Let's explore the history, nutritional benefits, and various uses of walnuts, shedding light on why they are a valuable addition to a healthy diet.


Walnuts are so good, but have you ever wondered "What are walnuts?" not yet, or "Where is the origin of walnuts?".

Juglans is a genus of plants in the family Juglandaceae, the fruits of which are called walnuts, these are deciduous trees, 10 - 40 m tall (30 - 130 ft apart). Juglans is a genus of plants in the family Juglandaceae, the fruits of which are called walnuts, these are deciduous trees, 10 - 40 m tall (30 - 130 ft apart).


The History and Origin of Walnuts.


Walnuts have a rich history that dates back thousands of years. Walnuts originated in Persia – Appeared around 7000 BC. At that time, they were known as a food for kings and nobles. Ancient civilizations recognized the value of walnuts and valued them for their nutritional content and medicinal properties. Over time, walnuts spread to different parts, in many countries in Europe, Africa, and Asia through trade and exploration.


Where are Vietnamese walnuts grown?
Where are Vietnamese walnuts grown?

Where are Vietnamese walnuts grown?


Although the walnut tree is not native to Vietnam, according to Mr Vu Van Dung - an expert in horticulture, they can be regenerated naturally in the mountainous areas of northern Vietnam; such as Cao Bang, Sa Pa (Lao Cai) and Ha Giang. It is shown that the Vietnamese walnut is of the same breed as the walnut that grows in the Himalayan and southwestern regions of China (page 87, Vietnam Red Book).




Historically, Vietnamese people have planted wild walnut trees, which means that after growing naturally in the forest, locals go pick them up and bring them back to their region to sell in order to meet public demand. Later, when the demand for walnuts in the country increased, walnut trees were planted more widely in the Northwest provinces - Because this place has a climate and soil suitable for the development of walnut trees.


How many types of walnuts are there?


If classified by origin (by country), it can be classified into imported walnuts (USA, Australia, Chile, China) and domestic walnuts (Northwest sticky walnuts, Sapa). In which, walnuts imported from the US, Chile and Australia have higher nutritional value and quality than other types.


If classified by color, there are red walnuts and yellow walnuts

  • Golden Walnut: Also known as white walnut, is a walnut with a yellow inner core.

  • Red Walnut: A walnut with a distinctive ruby red core.



In the south, walnut trees are grown mainly in some border areas such as Sa Pa (Lao Cai), Pho Bang, Dong Van (Ha Giang), Cao Bang... However, due to both nutritional value and value. Due to the high economic level, many families in different regions apply the walnut tree planting technique.


The cultivation of walnuts in Vietnam has witnessed significant growth, with the northern regions of the country playing a crucial role. The suitable climate and soil conditions, combined with proper cultivation practices, have made Vietnam a successful walnut-producing region. The economic significance of walnut cultivation has brought numerous benefits to farmers and the agricultural sector as a whole.


What do you know about Vietnamese walnuts?


Walnuts are not only delicious but also packed with a wide array of health benefits. These nutrient-rich nuts offer a range of advantages for the body, from promoting heart health to supporting brain function.


Walnuts contain many nutrients, in which protein accounts for 15%, the remaining 65% is fat, especially it contains a lot of fiber, antioxidants, a rich source of high-quality vegetable protein that can Full complement of essential amino acids for the body, in addition to vitamins, Omega 3, Omega 6 fatty acids, and minerals.


In addition, it also adds Vitamin B6, Manganese, Copper, Iron to help pregnant women prevent anemia during pregnancy.



Walnuts have become a global sensation in the commercial market, captivating taste buds and gaining popularity worldwide. The international trade of walnuts has transformed into a thriving industry, offering economic opportunities and delicious delights to people across the globe.


Commercial walnut processing is highly mechanized in countries with developed walnut production such as the United States and China. The key step in walnut processing is to remove the hard outer shell to get the kernel seeds and subsequent sorting.


Walnuts in Vietnam.


Walnut tree development in Vietnam offers numerous advantages. First, it diversifies the country's agricultural sector, reducing reliance on traditional crops. Second, it provides an opportunity for farmers to engage in a profitable and sustainable venture, potentially improving their livelihoods. Additionally, walnut tree cultivation contributes to environmental conservation by utilizing suitable land and promoting biodiversity.


Walnuts in Vietnam.

The world trade market for walnuts presents a significant opportunity for Vietnam to develop its walnut tree cultivation and participate in the global walnut industry. With its favorable climate and suitable growing conditions, Vietnam has the potential to become a key player in walnut production and export. By capitalizing on this potential, Vietnam can diversify its agricultural sector, generate economic growth, and contribute to the thriving global walnut trade market.












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